Effects of intravascular photobiomodulation on motor deficits and brain perfusion images in intractable myasthenia gravis: A case report

Myasthenia study
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World J Clin Cases. 2022 Aug 26;10(24):8718-8727. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v10.i24.8718.


BACKGROUND: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disorder caused by neuromuscular junction failure characterized by muscle weakness and fatigability. We herein report a case of MG that received intravascular laser irradiation of blood (ILIB) interventions and regained muscle power and better quality of life. To our knowledge, no previous study has investigated the benefits of ILIB treatment on patients with MG. We also evaluated the changes in brain perfusion scan and the MG activities of daily living (MG-ADL) and quantitative MG (QMG) scales.

CASE SUMMARY: A 59-year-old man presented to our outpatient hospital experiencing ptosis, diplopia, fibromyalgia, muscle fatigue, and fluctuating weakness in his limbs for 1 year. Based on his history, physical examination, and laboratory investigations, the final diagnosis was a flare-up of MG with poor endurance and muscle fatigue. The patient agreed to receive ILIB. Brain single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was performed both before and after ILIB therapy. After receiving three courses of ILIB, the brain SPECT images showed greatly increased perfusion of the frontal lobe and anterior cingulate gyri. The patient’s MG-ADL scale score decreased markedly from 17/24 to 3/24. The QMG scale score also decreased remarkably from 32/39 to 9/39. The symptoms of MG became barely detectable and the patient was able to perform his activities of daily living and regain muscle power.

CONCLUSION: ILIB might have beneficial effects on MG, and brain SPECT images provided direct evidence of a positive correlation between ILIB and clinical performance.

PMID:36157830 | PMC:PMC9453358 | DOI:10.12998/wjcc.v10.i24.8718

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